Retinopathy of Prematurity – ROP » Center of Surgeons

Retinopathy of Prematurity – ROP

Eye Disease in Premature Birth ( Retinopathy of Prematurity – ROP)

There are many eye diseases and diseases that affect the eye. Most diseases can be treated with medicine. Eye diseases are not just about us. One of the factors affecting delivery in women is eye disease ( Retinopathy of Prematurity – ROP) in preterm birth.

Eye Disease in Premature Birth

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) , known as eye disease at preterm birth, is an eye disorder caused by abnormally enlarged blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive part of the eyes, as a result of premature babies being born prematurely. Although there is improvement without the need for treatment within the framework of studies conducted in babies born before completing 9 months, advanced retinopathy of prematurity may cause permanent vision problems.

Retinopathy of prematurity in other words, eye disease in premature birth, as it is known, extends towards the substance that fills the center of the eye, namely the vitreous, as a result of swelling in the nerve layer of the retina . The condition that may occur in these vessels may affect the visual function of the eye. It is not only a preterm birth but also a condition that is seen in weak babies. A 28-week-old baby is less at risk than a 32-week-old baby.

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)

retinopathy of prematurity , ROP, are not known for certain, it is known that some causes trigger this condition. The causes of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP ) are generally:

-The baby born is very weak

– Early termination of pregnancy

-Vitamin deficiency


– Various respiratory complications

-Exposure to high oxygen

-Types of infection

-Heart disease

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)

With the completion of the birth, after the baby opens his eyes to the world, health screening should be done for all risks together with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Some experts have given the opinion that ROP may not be noticed immediately, and that the risk of ROP continues up to 6 weeks after birth. During this period, specialist ophthalmologists should be examined specifically for ROP, and the process should proceed accordingly.

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)

Laser therapy can be applied for advanced ROP due to abnormal blood vessels. However, it requires general anesthesia, which may pose risks for premature babies.

In the case of retinal detachment in advanced retinopathy of prematurity , retinal surgery may be required. Therefore, it is very important that the treatment is done on time and quickly.

– Post-treatment disease process should not be considered to be complete. Babies should be followed for a long time to see if they have vision problems, and the possibility of diseases such as strabismus, eye disorder, retinal damage should be emphasized.

-Anti-VEGF (Intraocular needle) treatment is also used. Studies by experts have observed that Anti-VEGF therapy contributes to the results when used together with laser therapy.